Adipose tissue is an inexhaustible source of adult fat stem cells.
Have been identified stem cells capable of producing fat tissue. These fat stem cells from adipose tissue may help to understand how it develops fat tissue and which drugs or develop treatments against obesity.
There are two types of adipose tissue: the white adipose tissue (WAT) and brown adipose tissue (BAT), the first one lipid rich while the second one lipids burning and warm producing.
BAT founds in adult humans and it is very important to research on obesity because it represents a potential pathway by which the body controls the metabolism burning excess fat to produce heat. Adipose stem cells have many therapeutic Aplications: repair and regeneration of damaged tissues. Can be recovered in large quantities through liposuction or fragments of subcutaneous adipose tissue and can be easily expanded in vitro.
Stem cells have the unique characteristic of being able to choose, with each cell division, whether to produce copies of themselves or specialized cell. Thanks to this characteristic, the stem cells are critical for the maintenance of tissues such as blood, skin and intestines.
The regeneration represents a real alternative: expect the body to repair the damage inflicted by disease, accidents or aging through its stem cells.